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Healthcare News

Exercise can modify fat tissue in ways that improve health—even without weight loss

Source: Medical Xpress

Exercise is one of the first strategies used to treat obesity-related health problems like type 2 diabetes and other cardiovascular disease, but scientists don't understand exactly how it works to improve metabolic health. To that end, University of Michigan researchers examined the effects of three months of exercise on people with obesity, and found that exercise can favorably modify abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, the fat tissue just beneath the skin, in ways that can improve metabolic health—even without weight loss.

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Increased CXCL9 Level Linked to Increased Hip Fracture Risk in Men

Source: HealthDay

The researchers found that in men, but not in women, increasing CXCL9 levels were associated with an increasing risk for hip fracture. The odds ratios in the highest quartile compared with the lowest quartile were 10.35 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.90 to 56.39) and 1.46 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.59 to 3.60) in men and women, respectively.

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A workout for cartilage implants

Source: Medical Xpress

Whether arising from being felled on the soccer pitch or a seemingly harmless collision with a coffee table, a minor injury to the cartilage in your knee can have major consequences. In the worst case, the weak spot gives rise to severe arthritis and an artificial knee is the only hope. However, if the problem is caught early, further deterioration could be prevented by a patch repair.

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Marijuana Users More Prone to Infections After Knee, Shoulder Surgeries

Source: HealthDay

Surgeons have long advised patients to stop smoking cigarettes for several weeks before their operations to lower the risk of complications. But what about weed? New research has found reason for worry: Marijuana users had higher infection rates after minimally invasive knee and shoulder procedures. Patients also had higher rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or potentially dangerous blood clots, though those risks were not statistically significant.

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Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression Versus Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Treatment of Low-Grade Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

Source: Spine

Objective: To compare perioperative outcomes, radiographic parameters, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) between minimally invasive unilateral laminotomy with bilateral decompression (MIS-ULBD) versus MIS transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) for treatment of low-grade lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis.

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What Is Haglund`s Deformity?

Source: Verywell Health

Haglund's deformity is a bony bump where your Achilles tendon attaches at the back of your heel bone. Because of its prominence, the bump is subject to the effects of constant friction. This causes redness and irritation, and can cause skin thickening, pain, swelling, and increased skin lines.

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Tennis Elbow: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Source: Verywell Health

Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is swelling, inflammation, and subsequent tearing of the tendons in your forearm.These tissues, which attach muscle to bone, can become overtaxed with repetitive use, causing an aching or burning pain that gets worse when you grip or lift something.

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Treatment of neurogenic scapular winging: a systematic review on outcomes after non-surgical management and tendon transfer surgery.

Source: JSES

Scapular winging is a rare condition of the shoulder girdle which presents challenging treatment decisions for clinicians. To inform clinical practice, clinicians need guidance on what the best treatment decision is for their patients and such recommendations should be based on the total evidence available. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to systematically review the evidence regarding non-surgical management and tendon transfer surgery of patients with neurologic scapular winging due to serratus anterior (SA) or trapezius (TP) palsy.

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Total shoulder arthroplasty vs hemiarthroplasty in patients with primary glenohumeral arthritis with intact rotator cuff: Meta-analysis using the ratio of means

Source: ScienceDirect

Glenohumeral arthritis is a degenerative disease of the shoulder joint. When the rotator cuff is intact there is limited evidence in existing literature in superiority of outcomes between total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and hemiarthroplasty (HA).

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Overview of de Quervain's Tenosynovitis

Source: Verywell Health

De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a condition that causes pain associated with the movement of the thumb and wrist. The cause of the pain of de Quervain's is inflammation within a confined area around the base of the thumb.

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Other Conditions and Complications of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Source: healthline

AS is a chronic, debilitating disease. This means it can get progressively worse. Serious complications can arise, especially if the disease is left untreated.

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What to know about myofascial pain syndrome

Source: Medical News Today

Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic condition that affects the musculoskeletal system, including the bones, tendons, cartilage, ligaments, and connective tissue. Myofascial pain syndrome typically causes pain and tenderness in a specific area, such as the neck and one shoulder.

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ACL Knee Repair Sometimes Leads to Better Outcomes Than Reconstruction

Source: healthline

Researchers say people who have knee repair surgery tend to have better outcomes than those who undergo knee reconstruction surgery. Experts, however, say the choice between the two operations isn’t always a simple one and sometimes the more intensive reconstruction surgery is necessary.

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About half of nonsurgically managed posterior glenohumeral instability cases failed

Source: Healio

About half of patients who underwent 6 months of nonoperative management for isolated posterior glenohumeral instability required arthroscopic stabilization, according to a presentation.

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Causes of Wrist Cracking and Popping

Source: Verywell Health

Popping and cracking in your wrist (also known as crepitus) can be an uncomfortable sensation that arises during many of your daily activities. Unfortunately, the origins of this joint noise are not always clear-cut.

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Mueller-Weiss Syndrome: What to Know

Source: WebMD

Mueller-Weiss syndrome is a rare condition that causes severe arch pain on the inside of your mid- and hindfoot. It’s mostly found in people ages 40-60, and it’s much more common in women.

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What are the most likely causes of upper back pain?

Source: Medical News Today

Pain in the upper back is usually the result of poor posture, muscle overuse, or injury. Treatment may include home remedies, such as rest and gentle exercises, or possibly seeing a physical therapist.

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12 causes of shoulder pain and treatment options

Source: VeryWell Health

Shoulder pain can range from mild to severe and can come on suddenly or build up over time. Shoulder pain causes include fractures, tissue inflammation or tears, joint or ligament instability, and arthritis.

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Cycling knee pain: What to know

Source: Medical News Today

Many cycling injuries occur due to overuse of the joints of the lower body, especially the knees.

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Hip flexors get weak when we sit too much—but simple stretches and strengthening exercises can leave you less stiff

Source: Medical Xpress

I am sure you've been told you should stand up and move away from your work stations or use a standing desk where possible. One of the major benefits of doing this is to activate and stretch the hip flexor area.

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Seven tips for exercising safely during a heatwave

Source: Medical Xpress

When summer temperatures soar, the idea of working out might be the furthest thing from your mind. But just because it's hot doesn't mean you can't still squeeze a workout in if you want to, though there are a few adjustments you may need to make to your normal routine.

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Rare spine surgery restores elite athlete's mobility

Source: UCI Health

While mountain biking on the morning of his 47th birthday, Vince Bruno hit a stump on a backcountry trail, flew over the handlebars and crashed headfirst into a rock.

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Results of Arthroscopic Revision Rotator Cuff Repair for Failed Open or Arthroscopic Repair: A Prospective Multicenter Study on 100 Cases

Source: The American Journal of Sports Medicine

To investigate results after arthroscopic revision RCR. We hypothesized that (1) arthroscopic revision RCR would lead to improved outcomes, (2) the clinical results would be dependent on tendon integrity and (3) tear pattern, tendon involvement, and repair technique would influence clinical and structural results.

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How Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Is Diagnosed

Source: Verywell Health

If you have carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), then you may understand how the symptoms can affect your everyday work and recreational activities. The pain, tingling, and weakness in your hand or fingers may keep you from typing on your computer, writing, or holding items. And one of the most challenging characteristics of carpal tunnel syndrome: getting an accurate diagnosis.

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Why Your Feet Hurt When You Wake Up in the Morning

Source: healthessentials

It might be a sharp, stinging pain that runs along the bottom of your foot. Or maybe your heels feel tight or the top of your feet throb when you wake up. If your feet hurt in the morning, you may be wondering if you’re just getting up on the wrong side of the bed or if it’s something to be worried about.

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Can COVID-19 cause neck pain?

Source: Medical News Today

Some people with COVID-19 experience neck pain, soreness, and stiffness. In some cases, neck pain can be a persistent symptom of long COVID.

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How to thaw a frozen shoulder

Source: Harvard Health Publishing

Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, occurs when inflammation and scar tissue invade the shoulder joint. It can start with inflammation of the joint that leads to scarring, or in some cases the scarring happens with little inflammation.

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How Acupuncture Can Be Used for Knee Osteoarthritis

Source: healthline

Osteoarthritis is a major cause of disability, affecting 22.9 percentTrusted Source of people over age 40 around the world. This article explains how acupuncture can treat osteoarthritis of the knee, what to expect if you try acupuncture therapy, and how effective it is as a pain management tool.

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Long-term persistence of treatment after hip fracture in a fracture liaison service

Source: scientific reports

Long-term adherence to antiosteoporosis medication (AOM) in the setting of a fracture liaison service (FLS) are not well known. Patients ≥ 50 with hip fracture seen in an FLS and recommended for treatment to prevent new fractures were analyzed.

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Return to competitive wrestling after ACLR high

Source: Orthopedics This Week

After anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), return to sport is high in competitive wresting, according to a new study.

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An analysis of the selection criteria for postgraduate physician assistant residency and fellowship programs in the United States

Abstract

Background: This study aims to investigate the admission criteria used by physician assistant postgraduate education programs in selecting licensed PA applicants for postgraduate training in the United States. To our knowledge, there have been no previously published reports on selection criteria and/or other factors infuencing postgraduate PA admission decisions.

Method: A non-experimental, descriptive research study was designed to obtain information from members of the Association of Postgraduate Physician Assistant Programs (APPAP).

Results: Twenty-three out of 73 postgraduate programs (35%) responded to the survey. The study reported that applicant PAs and NPs are largely selected on the basis of several factors. The most heavily weighted factor is the interview itself; other selection criteria perceived to be extremely/very important included board certification/eligibility, letters of recommendation, advanced degree, and personal essay. Survey data suggest that publications, undergraduate transcripts, and class rankings are not considered to be of high importance in applicant selection.

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